Below is a list of research projects funded by the MedEvac Foundation. If you would like to receive additional information on any of the studies listed below, please contact the MedEvac Foundation at (703) 836-8732 x104 or by email at

Promoting Research & Education within the Specialty of Critical Care Transport

Emergency/Trauma/Transport Nursing Workforce Study (Executive Summary)
HumRRO – Will Taylor, Ph.D., Tim McGonigle, Ph.D., Pamela Baumer, M.A.  View Here

Accelerating Improvement with the Ground and Air Medical qUality in Transport (GAMUT) Database (2015), Michael Bigham, MD, FAAP. View Here

Flight and Ground Transport Nursing and Paramedic Core Curriculum (2011), Jill Johnson, RN. Available for purchase on Purchase Here

A Concept Mapping Approach to Prioritize the National Research Agenda for CCT (2008), The Future of Research in Critical Care Transport is Identified, Cathy Jaynes, PhD, RN. Published in Air Medical Journal 2013. View Here

A Proposal to Initiate an Annual Research Academy as a Pre-conference Activity at the Air Medical Transport Conference (AMTC) (2008), Research Academy Preconference, MarkAlain Dery, DO, MPH.

Aviation for the Medical Director (educational product/presentation) (2007), Aviation Education for Medical Directors Aides Appropriate Utilization of Air Medical Transport, Mike Jasumback, MD.

Advancing Patient Care Standards in Critical Care Transport

Vasopressor Intravenous Push to Enhance Resuscitation (VIPER) (2018), David Olvera, AS, MREMT-P, FP-C, CMTE.  This grant is currently in process.

Comparison of Portable Blood Warming Devices at Different Flow Rates for Prehospital Use (2015), Andrew Weatherall. Published in Anaesthesia 2019. View Here

Analysis of Temperature Variability in Medication Storage Compartments in EMS Transport Vehicles (2013), Margaret O’Donnell. Published in the Air Medical Journal 2016. View Here 

Assessment of patient’s exposure to transport (2011). Design and Evaluation of a Multi-Sensor Unit for Measuring Physiological Stressors of Medical Transport, Andrew Reimer, PhD, RN

Pre-hospital Stroke Diagnosis Using Ultrasound and Wireless technology (2011), Thilo Hoelscher, MD, Published in the American Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013.
View Here 

Pulmonary Vascular Responses to Air Transport (2011), Thomas Smith, MD, Published in Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance 2015. View Here 

Pre-hospital Stroke Diagnosis Using Contrast-Enhanced Transcranial Ultrasound (2009), Diagnostic Accuracy of Stroke During Patient Transport with a Portable Ultrasound is Just the Beginning, Thilo Hölscher, MD. Published in Critical Ultrasound Journal 2014, American Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013, Cerebrovascular Disease Journal 2012.
View Here

Time Savings by Rapid EMS Antibiotic Therapy for Fractures: CCT CORE Treat Fx Study (2009), EMS Can Save Time by Providing Rapid Antibiotic Therapy for Fractures, Stephen Thomas, MD, MPH.  View Here 

Does transport Induced Biophysical Impulse Cause Respiratory Deterioration by Inactive of Surfactant Proteins? (2008), Simulated transport alters surfactant homeostasis and causes dose-dependent changes in respiratory function in neonatal Sprague-Dawley rats, Shetal Shah, MD. Published in Journal of Perinatal Medicine 2010. View Here 

HEMS Provider Use King LTS-D Airway in RSI patients (2008), The Use Of The King LTS-D In RSI Patients Was Comparable To Previously Reported Success Rates With The Device, R.J. Frascone, MD, FACEP. Published in Air Medical Journal 2013, Resuscitation 2012, Resuscitation 2011, Prehospital Emergency Care 2009. View Here

Establishment of the Critical Care Transport Collaborative Outcomes Research Effort (The CCT CORE Airway Project) (2007). Airway Management Study Results Demonstrate that the CCT World is Performing at an Exceedingly High Level in Terms of Patient Care and Quality, Stephen Thomas, MD. Published in Prehospital Emergency Care 2010.  View Here

Sound Levels in Critical Care Transport Vehicles and the Neonatal Response During Transport (2006), Neonatal Patient Sound Exposure During Critical Care Transport, Greg Pippert, MD, FACEP

The Intubating Laryngeal Mask Airway for Failed–out–of–hospital Intubation (2006), Airway Management Device Successful for Air Medical Crew, Eric Swanson, MD

Advancing Safety in Critical Care Transport

Outcomes of Adverse Events during Inter-facility Transports of Children in Ontario (2018), Janice A. Tijssen, MD.  This grant is currently in process.

Sleep-Wake Patterns and Real-Time Fatigue Reduction in EMS Clinicians – Phase II (2015), P. Daniel Patterson, PhD, NRP, Frank Guyette, MD, Eileen Frazer, Doug Swanson, MD, Charity Moore, PhD.  View Here

Sleep-Wake Patterns and Real-Time Fatigue Reduction in EMS Clinicians – Phase I (2014), P. Daniel Patterson, PhD, NRP, Frank Guyette, MD, Eileen Frazer, Doug Swanson, MD, Charity Moore, PhD. Published in American Journal of Industrial Medicine 2015.
View Here

Survivor Perceptions of Recovery Following an Air Medical Transport Accident (2012), There is a need for industry-level resources to guide management and organizational systems as they prepare for and respond to incident and accidents in the industry, Survivor’s Network and The Center for Medical Transport Research. Published in Prehospital Emergency Care 2014. View Here 

Safe Emergency Transport of Neonatal Patients (2012), Nadine Levick MD, MPH.
Deviation and Validation of a Taxonomy to Categorize adverse Events and Near-misses in Transport Medicine (2008) Air Medical Transport is Associated with a Low Incidence of Adverse Events and Patient Harm, Russell MacDonald, MD. Published in Academic Emergency Medicine 2008. View Here

Webinar on Ambulance – Ground Transfer Safety (2009). Webinar Participants Learn How to Make Ground Ambulance Practices Safer, Niccole Alexander, MPP

Assessment of Cognitive Fatigue in Air Medical Providers (2009). Study found that shift length was not associated with changes in fatigue or cognitive function, Francis Guyette, MD. Published in Prehospital Emergency Care 2013. View Here

The Role of Digital Stories in Air Medical Transport Safety: Develop digital narratives and learn how to use them to influence behavior (2009). Digital Storytelling Used for Safety Education in Air Medical Transport, Cathy Jaynes, PhD, RN and Howard Werman, MD

The Effect of Sleep Inertia on EMS Pilot Performance (2009). Understanding the effects of sleep inertia on EMS pilots will enable strategies to develop to counter the effects of sleep inertia on pilot performance, thereby enhancing EMS safety, Frank Thomas, MD

Helicopter and Fixed-Wing EMS – Water Survival and Egress Education (2008). Increasing Survival through Water Egress Training – H.B. Martz. This grant developed an educational component for presentation at the 2008 Air Medical Transport Conference (AMTC). The Water Egress Training course has been offered at each AMTC since.

Identification of the Incidence of Helicopter Shopping in Virginia (2008). Helicopter Shopping Identified, Quantified and Definition Called into Question through Web Enabled Software, Paul Davenport, RN, CMTE.

Opportunities for Safety Improvement in HEMS: A Multi Discipline Safety Research Project (2008), Ira Blumen, MD, FACEP. This grant is currently in process.

Reporting and Analysis of Medical Transport Incidents and Accidents (2007), Eileen Frazer, RN, CMTE, CLNC. This grant is currently in process.

Assessment of EMS and Fire Department Knowledge of Landing zone Safety Before and after Viewing a Web-based Streaming Safety Video with Analysis of Knowledge Retention over Six Months (2007). Web-based Media Proven to be Effective in Teaching Landing Zone Safety, Marc A. Bellazzini, MD. Published in Air Medical Journal 2011. View Here 

EMS Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (2007). Air-Medical Providers Rank First in Safety Culture Study, Daniel Patterson, MD and Henry Wang, MD. Published in Prehospital Emergency Care 2010. View Here 

Weather Shopping Education for Pre-hospital and ED Requesting Agents – a Vision Zero Initiative (2007). Eliminate Helicopter Shopping Through Education, Eileen Frazer, RN, CMTE

Assessing Air Medical Crew Real-time Cognitive Readiness to Perform Critical Tasks (2006). Computer-based Psychological Test Shown to be Useful in Determining Flight Crew Readiness to Perform Critical Safety Tasks, Darren Braude, MD. Published in Prehospital Emergency Care 2011. View Here 

Determinants of Safety – More results from the Pilots Survey of 2005 (2006). EMS Pilots Recommend CRM, NVG’s and Simulators to Enhance Safety, MarkAlain Dery, DO. Published in Air Medical Journal 2007.  View Here

2005 Pilot Safety Survey – Narrative Response Analysis (2006) 11 Domains of Safety Identified by EMS Pilots in Safety Survey, Cathy Jaynes, PhD, RN

The Effects of Acute Stress on Paramedic Performance (2006). Specific Training May Help Advanced-care Paramedics Stay Calm Under Stress, Vicki LeBlanc, PhD. Published in Prehospital Disaster Medicine 2012.  View Here

Advancing the Overall Cost-Benefit of Critical Care Transport Systems

HEMS Effectiveness Achieved by Rapid Transport of STEMIs; The CCT CORE HEARTS Study (2012), Stephen Thomas, MD.  View Here

How Does EMS Deliver Trauma Patients to Trauma Centers? (2010), David Stuhlmiller, MD. This grant is currently in process.

Defining the Current Distribution of Transport Times for Time-Sensitive Air Medical Transports and the Scope of the Procedural Practice for air Transport Providers (2008). Air Ambulance is the Best Chance of Survival for Acute Heart Attack Patients Needing to be Transferred to a More Advanced Medical Center, Scott T. Youngquist, MD. Published in Prehospital Emergency Care 2010.  View Here

Exploration of Gender Discrepancy in Outcomes and Utilization of Air Medical Transport (2008), Jeffrey Singh, MD, FRCPC, MSc. This grant is currently in process.

Deviation of a Clinical Prediction Rule for HEMS Transport in Winter Resort Injuries (2006). Simple Predication Rule Allows for Appropriate Utilization of HEMS at Winter Resorts, Christy Hopkins, MD. Published in Prehospital Emergency Care 2011.
View Here 

Characterization and Determination of Pre-Transit Predictors of Medical Intervention during Interfacility Patient Transport (2005) Air Medical Teams Can Safely and Effectively Treat Deteriorating Patients in Transit, Jeffrey Singh, MD. Published in Canadian Medical Association Journal 2009.  View Here